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Ovarian cancer is a growth of abnormal malignant cells that begins in the ovaries (women’s reproductive glands that produce eggs). Cancer that spreads to the ovaries but originates at another site is not considered ovarian cancer.
Ovarian tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Although abnormal, cells of benign tumors do not metastasize (spread to other parts of the body). Malignant cancer cells in the ovaries can metastasize in two ways:
- directly to other organs in the pelvis and abdomen (the more common way)
- through the bloodstream or lymph nodes to other parts of the body
While the causes of ovarian cancer are unknown, some theories exist.
- Genetic errors may occur because of the repeated “wear and tear” of the monthly release of an egg.
- Increased hormone levels before and during ovulation may stimulate the growth of abnormal cells.
- Fallopian tubes are the site of origin in a fraction of ovarian cancers.
Ovarian cancer accounts for approximately three percent of cancers in women.
While the 8th most common cancer among women, ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death among women, and is the deadliest of gynecologic cancers. Mortality rates are slightly higher for Caucasian women than for African-American women.
A Woman’s Lifetime Risk:
A woman’s lifetime risk of developing invasive ovarian cancer is 1 in 75. A woman’s lifetime risk of dying from invasive ovarian cancer is 1 in 100.
Ovarian cancer rates are highest in women aged 55-64 years. The median age at which women are diagnosed is 63, meaning that half of women are younger than 63 when diagnosed with ovarian cancer and half are older.
The median age of death from ovarian cancer is 70. Ovarian cancer survival rates are much lower than other cancers that affect women. Five-year survival rates are commonly used to compare different cancers. The relative five-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is 46 percent. Survival rates vary greatly depending on the stage of diagnosis. Women diagnosed at an early stage—before the cancer has spread—have a much higher five-year survival rate than those diagnosed at a later stage. Approximately 15 percent of ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed early with early stage disease
Have Cancer in the family?
Many women (and men) remain at increased risk of cancer and are unaware of lifesaving medical options available to them. Your personal and family history of cancer matter and hereditary cancer testing saves lives. As board-certified Ob Gyn Specialists, we recognize the importance of the identification and management of patients with elevated cancer risks. We have incorporated risk assessments and genetic testing into our practice years ago and would love to tell you how genetic testing has evolved in recent years and how it has become a benefit to our patients. If you are interested in assessing your own risk, please take the quick survey below.
Getting More out of Working Out
Exercise isn’t an exact science. It works in different ways for different people because we don’t all have the same body chemistry. However, of all the studies, one fact rings true: Something is better than nothing indeed. A healthy exercise habit should blend fun and fitness. That’s where these tips may come in handy. Instead of dreading exercising and the gym, we need to learn to streamline the process using healthy exercise habits. This way, we end up getting more out of a workout than we anticipate.
Commit-- Don’t straddle the line between wanting to get fit and actually doing something about it. Take the first step towards healthier habits and commit to a 30-day fitness challenge. Go for a walk or run on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Then perform a circuit of at least five bodyweight exercises on Tuesday and Thursday. Keep it up for a month to make the exercise habit really stick.
Make a plan-- Without a good game plan, a trip to the gym can quickly become a complete waste of time. To avoid wandering aimlessly from one piece of equipment to the next, map out your workouts ahead of time and set clear training goals. When workouts have a purpose, we’re more able to balance sweating with socializing (yes, it’s OK to laugh a little—in fact, we encourage it!).
Stay on schedule-- Habits don’t just happen, they’re formed. Figure out when there’s time for exercise—first thing in the morning, at lunch, or after work. But don’t stress; there is no right time to work out. Consistency is the real game-changer. Prioritize exercise, and form a healthy habit by sticking to the schedule every day.
Track your progress-- Performing the same exact workout day after day will likely lead to a training plateau—the place where progress comes to a screeching halt. One way to avoid potential roadblocks is by keeping a workout journal (pretty much a dear diary for grown-ups). But instead of juicy gossip, record the exercises, sets, reps, and the amount of weight used during each training session. Then, use these notes to create new workouts that are more challenging than previous sessions.
Ask for help-- Don’t risk injuries by playing follow-the-leader with the biggest guy in the gym. Learn the dos and don’ts from the get-go. Talk to a trainer, get a fitness assessment, or consider investing a few training sessions to learn the ropes. Coaches have been shown to boost motivation, performance, and adherence to training routines.
Warm up-- A proper warm-up should be part of every workout. But don’t waste time and energy with outdated warm-up routines—side bends and toe touches went out with headbands and short-shorts. Whether or not you’re still sweating to the oldies, stick to warm-ups that match the workout at hand.
Use perfect form-- Who wants to keep making the same misstep when you can master the perfect form from day one? For a fundamental movement like the squat, be sure to stand tall with the chest up, shoulders back and down, and the core engaged. Below the belt, keep a soft bend in the knees while shifting your weight into the heels. Keeping up good form all workout-long is the best way to protect against injury and make workouts more effective to boot.
Show and tell-- At some point willpower can run out and send those healthy intentions off the rails. Don’t go it alone. Call in the reinforcements to boost motivation and encourage accountability. Try opening up to family and friends about your setbacks and successes. The more people enlisted in the support of the goal, the less likely you are to fail.
Compete-- When workouts are a competition, winning means losing—weight that is. Whether it’s going head-to-head against an opponent or against our own personal best, research suggests we perform better when we compete. Go all out against the clock, perform as many push-ups as possible, or try to set a new one-rep max. Even if we set our sights too high, it never hurts to have a bigger goal in mind.
Do -- Keep in mind, when it comes to exercise, pursuing perfection can be a slippery slope. Sure, it would be nice to have a six-pack or the perfect backside, but it’s better to aim for fit, not flawless. Be wary of fitness products that seem too good to be true. Put your trust in science instead—regular exercise, and healthy food options, promote health and happiness.
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49 Sweetwater babies brought into this world for
Frozen Peanut Butter Pie
If you think heart-health-conscious people could never indulge in a treat like this—think again! This peanut butter pie not only cuts down on saturated fat by using fat-free dairy products but also lowers the cholesterol to a mere 2 grams because it incorporates only egg whites.
- 1 2/3 cups chocolate graham cracker crumbs (about 8 1/2 cookie sheets)
- 7 tablespoons sugar, divided
- 2 large egg whites, lightly beaten
- Cooking spray
- 1 1/4 cups fat-free milk
- 2/3 cup reduced-fat crunchy peanut butter
- 1/2 teaspoon vanilla
- 1/2 cup (4 ounces) fat-free cream cheese, softened
- 1 (8-ounce) container frozen fat-free whipped topping, thawed
- 3 tablespoons finely chopped salted, dry-roasted peanuts
- 1/4 cup shaved milk chocolate (about 1 ounce)
Preheat oven to 350°.
Combine crumbs, 3 tablespoons sugar, and egg whites; toss with a fork until moist. Press into bottom and up sides of a 9-inch deep-dish pie plate coated with cooking spray. Prick crust with a fork before baking. Bake at 350° for 10 minutes. Remove from oven; cool on a wire rack.
Combine milk and remaining 1/4 cup sugar in a heavy saucepan over medium-low heat. Cook 2 minutes or until sugar dissolves, stirring constantly; transfer mixture to a bowl. Add peanut butter and vanilla, stirring with a whisk until combined. Cover and chill 30 minutes.
Place cream cheese in a large bowl, and beat with a mixer at medium speed until light and fluffy. Add milk mixture, beating on low speed until combined. Fold in whipped topping; pour mixture into prepared piecrust. Freeze, uncovered, 8 hours or overnight or until hard. Sprinkle with peanuts and shaved chocolate. Transfer pie to refrigerator 30 minutes before slicing.
Christina Flores- Receptionist
Dr. Kelli Burroughs
Dr. Ronald Lopez-Cepero
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Did you know?...
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) can dramatically affect a woman's comfort, confidence and quality of life. We are helping women reclaim their lives with a simple procedure called Novasure endometrial ablation. This is a safe, simple solution used by more than 2 million women since it was FDA-approved in 2001.
Don't let a period stop you.
One in five women live with very heavy periods. Periods that get in the way of everyday life. Periods that keep you from the people you love and the things you enjoy. NovaSure endometrial ablation is a one-time, 5-minute procedure that can lighten - or end your heavy period - without on-going pills and without hormonal side effects. For over 90% of women, menstrual bleeding is dramatically reduced or stopped. Maybe it's time to step back into life. Ask about the procedure today!
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